A typical blunder whenever combining sentences utilizing the – ing

Hanging Modifiers

A typical error whenever combining sentences utilizing the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier such that it just isn’t logically attached to the remaining portion of the phrase. This produces a dangling modifier . Glance at the following example:

Running throughout the parking great deal, my breathing expanded ragged and superficial.

In this phrase, jogging throughout the parking area generally seems to change my breathing. Since breathing cannot jog, the phrase must certanly be rewritten so the topic is put right after the modifier or included with the dangling expression.

Running over the parking great deal, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences may be combined utilizing an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To utilize this technique, one of many sentences must have a form of become as an assisting verb as well as the – ed form that is verb. Take a good look at the following example:

Initial sentences: The Jones household ended up being delayed by way of a traffic jam. They arrived hrs after the celebration began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by way of a traffic jam, the Jones household arrived hrs after the celebration began.

Within the initial version, had been acts as a assisting verb —it doesn’t have meaning it serves a grammatical function by placing the main verb ( delayed) in the perfect tense by itself, but.

In order to connect two sentences having an – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( had been) together with topic ( the Jones family members) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This types a modifying expression ( delayed by way of a traffic jam) which can be put into the end or beginning associated with the read here other phrase in accordance with which fits well. Just like the – ing modifier, be cautious to put the phrase that the expression modifies just after the expression to avoid a dangling modifier.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers might help streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Take a good look at exactly exactly how Naomi might make use of modifiers inside her paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to attract a connection between your government’s decision to bail the banks out while the results of that decision—the purchase for the mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another strategy that authors utilize to mix sentences is always to join them employing a clause that is relative. a general clause is a band of terms which has a topic and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to concerns such as which one? or the type? Relative clauses start with a general pronoun, such as for example whom, which, where, why, or whenever. See the examples that are following

Initial sentences: The handling manager is going to the business in a few days. He lives in Seattle.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, whom lives in Seattle, is going to the business week that is next.

In order to connect two sentences utilizing a member of family clause, replacement the topic of one of several sentences ( he) for a family member pronoun ( whom). Thus giving that you clause that is relative who lives in Seattle) that may be put beside the noun it defines ( the handling manager). Remember to keep consitently the phrase you intend to stress while the clause that is main. For instance, reversing the primary clause and subordinate clause when you look at the preceding phrase emphasizes where in actuality the handling manager everyday lives, maybe maybe maybe not the truth that he is going to the company.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, who’s going to the business a few weeks, everyday lives in Seattle.

General clauses are a good means of providing extra, nonessential information in a sentence. Take a good look at exactly exactly exactly how Naomi might integrate clauses that are relative her essay.

Notice the way the underlined clauses that are relative be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing the meaning for the phrase.

To test the punctuation of general clauses, assess whether or otherwise not the clause may be taken out of the phrase without changing its meaning. In the event that clause that is relative perhaps not important to this is regarding the sentence, it ought to be positioned in commas. In the event that relative clause is important to this is associated with phrase, it doesn’t need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is really an expressed term or number of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into the writing is really a way that is useful of sentences which are too brief and choppy. Take a good look at the example that is following

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began food that is serving hungry people in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised sentence: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started food that is serving hungry tourists in 1930.

When you look at the revised phrase, “the Colonel” is an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. To mix two sentences having an appositive, drop the niche and verb through the phrase that renames the noun and switch it as a expression. Observe that when you look at the example that is previous the appositive is put just after the noun it defines. An appositive may anywhere be placed in a phrase, however it must come straight before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a poorly trained athlete, had not been anticipated to win the battle.

Appositive before noun: a poorly trained athlete, Scott had not been likely to win the battle.

Unlike general clauses, appositives will always punctuated by way of a comma or a group commas. Have a look at just how Naomi utilizes appositives to add extra facts in her essay.


All on your own sheet of paper, rewrite the after phrase pairs as one sentence utilising the strategies you’ve got discovered in this area.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups may be created in just one of 3 ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean may be the world’s largest ocean. It runs through the Arctic within the north towards the Southern Ocean within the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won eight gold medals within the 2008 Olympics. He could be a champ swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that each of them will have great deal in keeping.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It really is then offered to companies that are chocolate-processing the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share having a classmate and compare your responses.

Writing at Work

Along with sentence that is varying, start thinking about varying the kinds of sentences you may be utilizing in a study or any other workplace document. Most sentences are declarative, however carefully put concern, exclamation, or demand can pique peers’ interest, regardless if the material that is subject fairly dry. That is amazing you might be composing a spending plan analysis. Starting a rhetorical question to your report, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product product sales?” encourages visitors to keep reading to find out the responses. While they must be utilized sparingly in scholastic and writing that is professional concerns or commands work rhetorical devices.

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